Posted in Relationships, Self Care, Social Skills, Therapy

Emotional Intelligence, Assertiveness, 10 Relaxation Tips and The Victim Persecutor Rescuer Triangle

The clarity, focus and confidence you need in order to be assertive on a consistent basis depends entirely on your level of emotional intelligence. This assertiveness training information will give you the knowledge and skills you need to make this a part of your everyday life.

First, let’s take a look at an overview of the Four Domains Of Emotional Intelligence:


You can see from this chart that this covers a lot of territory. Now lets’s look at a step-by-step process for increasing your emotional intelligence and preparing you for successful assertiveness training:

  1. Self awareness–this is where you really take a look inside yourself. The two best ways to do this are through the use of journaling and imagery.
  2. Self management–inner child work is a good place to start here, then move on to practicing relaxation. This step also includes a lot of work on developing positive beliefs, which will serve you well in all that you do in life.
  3. Social awareness–be sure and learn about nonverbal communication and basic emotional needs, as you begin to develop a positive view of other people. It’s also important to understand the classic victim-persecutor-rescuer triangle.
  4. Relationship management–this is a very large subject, so we will just focus on the assertiveness training aspect here. See the next section for a more indepth exploration of assertiveness.

The first three components lay the groundwork for the fourth, which is where assertiveness training comes in.

Assertiveness without self awareness, self control and social awareness will either be ineffective or counter-productive.

What Is Assertiveness Training?

Assuming you’ve done some work in the first three areas of improving your emotional intelligence, it’s time to begin learning about assertiveness. provides an excellent overview of assertiveness training. Be sure and check out this valuable resource.

Here are the basic components of assertiveness:

  • It is not aggressive. Imagine an invisible circle around you. That is your boundary, and when you assert yourself, you’re defining your boundaries. Aggression is leaving your boundary and jumping over into the other person’s circle. The diagram below shows you how this might work.


    • When you’re being assertive, you’re mainly using “I” statements, talking about where you stand, what you want, and what you will and won’t do. You’re not talking about the other person, which runs the risk of becoming intrusive and aggressive.
    • You may be a person who “hates conflict” or always tries to avoid it. This usually means you’ll have trouble being assertive, because assertiveness often means not giving the other person what they want. As a part of your assertiveness training, I highly recommend that you learn conflict resolution skills.
    • Saying “no” can be very difficult for some people, and you may be one of these. This means you get walked on, used and abused, and often feel like a victim. To be assertive, you absolutely must be able to say “No” in no uncertain terms.
    • A big part of this involves learning to put your own needs first in your life. While many people think this makes you selfish, in fact the opposite is true. Putting your own needs first simply means that everyone you interact with gets a happier, healthier you when you show up–because you took care of yourself before you got there.

There is a lot more to this subject, so I encourage you to continue with your learning. Assertiveness training is not quick or easy, but it’s well worth the investment of your time and energy.

How Does Healthy Anger Fit In?

Keep in mind that when anger is healthy it is powerful energy fueling effective action. It is usually seen as motivation, enthusiasm, focus and commitment.

Here are some reasons to make sure your anger is healthy as you undertake your assertiveness training:

    • If you have too much anger, you won’t have the emotional control to be assertive in a healthy manner.
    • If your anger is deeply buried and suppressed, you will be too passive in your efforts to assert yourself.
    • When your anger is healthy, it is not a problem for you, and you will not seek conflict or feel a need to avoid it.
    • Healthy anger comes straight out of the self love, and the need to love and be loved, which is the same positive origin of assertiveness.
    • Healthy anger, like assertiveness, is always accompanied by respect, calmness and clarity.

10 Relaxation Techniques That Zap Stress Fast

Relax. You deserve it, it’s good for you, and it takes less time than you think.

You don’t need a spa weekend or a retreat. Each of these stress-relieving tips can get you from OMG to om in less than 15 minutes.

1. Meditate 

A few minutes of practice per day can help ease anxiety. “Research suggests that daily meditation may alter the brain’s neural pathways, making you more resilient to stress,” says psychologist Robbie Maller Hartman, PhD, a Chicago health and wellness coach.

It’s simple. Sit up straight with both feet on the floor. Close your eyes. Focus your attention on reciting — out loud or silently — a positive mantra such as “I feel at peace” or “I love myself.” Place one hand on your belly to sync the mantra with your breaths. Let any distracting thoughts float by like clouds.

2. Breathe Deeply 

Take a 5-minute break and focus on your breathing. Sit up straight, eyes closed, with a hand on your belly. Slowly inhale through your nose, feeling the breath start in your abdomen and work its way to the top of your head. Reverse the process as you exhale through your mouth.

“Deep breathing counters the effects of stress by slowing the heart rate and lowering blood pressure,” psychologist Judith Tutin, PhD, says. She’s a certified life coach in Rome, GA.

3. Be Present

Slow down. “Take 5 minutes and focus on only one behavior with awareness,” Tutin says. Notice how the air feels on your face when you’re walking and how your feet feel hitting the ground. Enjoy the texture and taste of each bite of food. When you spend time in the moment and focus on your senses, you should feel less tense.

4. Reach Out

Your social network is one of your best tools for handling stress. Talk to others — preferably face to face, or at least on the phone. Share what’s going on. You can get a fresh perspective while keeping your connection strong.

5. Tune In to Your Body

Mentally scan your body to get a sense of how stress affects it each day. Lie on your back, or sit with your feet on the floor. Start at your toes and work your way up to your scalp, noticing how your body feels.

“Simply be aware of places you feel tight or loose without trying to change anything,” Tutin says. For 1 to 2 minutes, imagine each deep breath flowing to that body part. Repeat this process as you move your focus up your body, paying close attention to sensations you feel in each body part.

6. Decompress

Place a warm heat wrap around your neck and shoulders for 10 minutes. Close your eyes and relax your face, neck, upper chest, and back muscles. Remove the wrap, and use a tennis ball or foam roller to massage away tension.

“Place the ball between your back and the wall. Lean into the ball, and hold gentle pressure for up to 15 seconds. Then move the ball to another spot, and apply pressure,” says Cathy Benninger, a nurse practitioner and assistant professor at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus.

7. Laugh Out Loud

A good belly laugh doesn’t just lighten the load mentally. It lowers cortisol, your body’s stress hormone, and boosts brain chemicals called endorphins, which help your mood. Lighten up by tuning in to your favorite sitcom or video, reading the comics, or chatting with someone who makes you smile.

8. Crank Up the Tunes

Research shows that listening to soothing music can lower blood pressure, heart rate, and anxiety. “Create a playlist of songs or nature sounds (the ocean, a bubbling brook, birds chirping), and allow your mind to focus on the different melodies, instruments, or singers in the piece,” Benninger says. You also can blow off steam by rocking out to more upbeat tunes — or singing at the top of your lungs!

9. Get Moving 

You don’t have to run in order to get a runner’s high. All forms of exercise, including yoga and walking, can ease depression and anxiety by helping the brain release feel-good chemicals and by giving your body a chance to practice dealing with stress. You can go for a quick walk around the block, take the stairs up and down a few flights, or do some stretching exercises like head rolls and shoulder shrugs.

10. Be Grateful

Keep a gratitude journal or several (one by your bed, one in your purse, and one at work) to help you remember all the things that are good in your life. “Being grateful for your blessings cancels out negative thoughts and worries,” says Joni Emmerling, a wellness coach in Greenville, NC. Use these journals to savor good experiences like a child’s smile, a sunshine-filled day, and good health. Don’t forget to celebrate accomplishments like mastering a new task at work or a new hobby. When you start feeling stressed, spend a few minutes looking through your notes to remind yourself what really matters.

The Victim Persecutor Rescuer Triangle


The Victim – Victims honestly believe they have no power and that nothing positive will ever happen for them. Their focus is on the past and negativity. They spend endless hours talking about their problems, their bad luck and how they have been hurt. They are depressed and wallow in self-pity. Their suffering is their identity. Things are never right and there is never enough. They feel helpless, hopeless, reacting rather than responding in a healthy way to the world. They always need something more before they are willing to take responsibility for their life, to take any action, to change or to heal – more love, more attention, more time or more information. They tend to be confused, living in constant fear of making a mistake or looking foolish. They always have an excuse for inaction. Apathy, depression and anger are typical symptoms. Even when something good starts to happen, they will tell you “I know it won’t last” and, as they predicted, it soon ends in failure. After spending time with a victim you feel worn out, depleted and depressed from their negativity. You may feel as if your energy has been drained from you. Regardless of how much time, information, energy or support you provide Victims with, they seldom change. It is important to remember that people only change when they are ready to take full responsibility for all of their thoughts, words, actions and creations – till then, there is little positive momentum!

The Rescuer – Rescuers believe they have all the answers and know the right solutions for others. Although their own lives are often in shambles, they spend hours, days, weeks or even years attempting to change, control and to get love from others. Rescuers frequently wear a false cloak of power and superiority, always appearing to be confident and in control. Rescuers love to take care of and direct the lives of other people. Through controlling and changing others, Rescuers attempt to gain a sense of identity as well as to gain love, attention and respect. They pretend to know more than other people and frequently have an answer for everything, even though they have little, if any, actual knowledge or experience regarding the subject. A Rescuer, on the surface, looks like the “good guy/woman” and is often depicted in movies as the “hero” wearing a white hat and riding a white horse. Rescuers are personified and glorified as saviours or white knights saving others from distress and evil. Without someone, something or a cause to Rescue, these people are lost and jobless! They don’t realise they need to rescue themselves!

The Persecutor – Persecutors blame others for their upsets. Here both Victims and Rescuers, become Persecutors, venting their frustration, anger and resentment at others, blaming others for their negative feelings. Rather than taking personal responsibility and walking away from the person who they accuse of irritating them, they stay locked into the destructive patterns, antagonising and attacking the “source of their frustration.” The Victim is angry with the Rescuer, claiming they push too hard, demand too much, bring up pain, pressure them to change, etc.” The Rescuer is angry with the Victim for not appreciating, not understanding or not changing fast enough, making comments such as “if only you had taken my advice, if only you would listen, change and do what I say … etc.” Persecutors punish others through destructive actions such as dominating, controlling, nagging, belittling, shaming, blaming and humiliating. A Persecutor needs to disengage, to focus on taking care of themselves and getting their own life in order!

Breaking The Cycle – Simply becoming aware of and understanding these patterns are good first steps. Once we are aware of our patterns we can choose to help ourselves to change, to break free and to step off the triangle. Understanding that most “Professional Victims” really do not want help, nor do they want to change, makes it much easier to avoid getting caught up in their games. They might want your attention, time, love, support, money, energy and nurturing, however few “Professional Victims” are really willing or committed to making the effort and taking the actions required to actually change their circumstances. They are masters at the game! That is where the term “Professional Victim” comes from. Oddly enough, when you reach out to help a “Victim,” telling them that they are beautiful, intelligent or fully capable of being happy and achieving love and success, the Victim will often argue with you, telling you all the reasons why they are not, cannot – and why your suggestions will not work. Their constant focus is on their past, their problems, fears and failures. I love Richard Bach’s famous quote from his book “Illusions” – “Argue for your limitations and they are yours!” This statement says it all!

Rescuers, people who initially appear to be so caring and self-sacrificing, are often dysfunctional. This is especially true if they are playing the role of Rescuer in an attempt to feel good about themselves, to gain attention, love, feel more powerful or to control others. Oddly enough Rescuers are seldom happy in their own personal life and their relationships are usually in chaos. They never seem to be able to use all their “supposed knowledge” to heal their own lives.

Victims and Rescuers are drawn together to play out their game. They need each other. After their initial joyful honeymoon, a time during which each is able to “Star” in their favourite role, they soon tire of this very demanding and exhausting game. When either person, or both, gets bored with the game and wants to change or stop, or even to heal themselves, they frequently end up Persecuting each other rather than seeking healthy ways of interacting. Any change can trigger a conflict because the “Game” and the “Rules” have changed. Both the Victim and the Rescuer have a vested interest in keeping this “Dysfunctional Game” going. If they end it and heal, who would they have to play with? Taking personal responsibility and identifying ones own innermost wants, needs and desires is not the strong point of any of the positions on the triangle.

Society has programmed us with the dream of being rescued. Books and movies are filled with Victim-Rescuer stories like Cinderella, The White Knight on the White Horse, Superman and Rambo. Some people spend their entire lives waiting for someone or something external, such as the right relationship, marriage or even having a child, believing this will somehow magically fix everything, saving them and providing the perfect solution to all their problems.

Getting Off The Triangle – The first step is to ask, “What is my motivation for acting the way I do? Am I consciously acting out of choice and giving freely, or are my actions designed to change, control or get love from others? Do I give and do things freely, with love, or do I have expectations? The minute we expect things in return from people, we are being dysfunctional. 

            The key to getting off the triangle is to change from external referencing (the unhealthy and dangerous pattern of looking outside of ourselves for answers, solutions, love, our identity and happiness) and to start internal referencing.

To accomplish this a person must stop looking outside and be willing to become still, quiet their mind and to go deep inside to get in touch with their authentic self, to receive their answers and solutions. Healthy relationships include honour, respect, sharing and communicating. To accomplish this a person must be willing to energetically stay present, to tell the truth as best they can, to be independent, and to take absolute and total responsibility for every aspect of their life, including their time, happiness and success.

            The Victim must stop looking for someone or something outside them to fix them, to give them the answers or to give them the love and support they need. The Rescuer must stop trying to change, control or get love from others. Both must learn how to love, honour, respect and support themselves. Persecution, blaming others, only creates further negativity and never accomplishes anything positive. Each of these unhealed positions leads to even more serious challenges.

            To break free, improve your attitude towards change, control, risk and responsibility. Make peace with and welcome change, see life as a grand adventure rather than a prison sentence to be endured.

Remain open, spontaneous and curious, like a playful child. Permitting yourself to be imperfect and feel out of control allows you to feel, risk, try new things and go to new places. Breaking free of old patterns allows the opportunity for profound transformation. Eventually, most people realise that they can never change or control anyone, except themselves. Attempting to manipulate, change, control or to force others to love you is insanity! It never ever works!

A simple, easy formula for learning to connect with yourself, is to STOP, take a few very slow deep breaths, disengage from any trauma/drama, become still and then ask yourself

  1. What am I feeling right now?
  2. Ask yourself, where in my body am I feeling it? Take a moment and really feel all of your feelings without judgement.
  3. In this moment, what is the single most important thing I can do to take care of myself? What is it that I truly want, need or desire?
  4. What positive changes can I make in my life, right now, that would assist me to accomplish this?
  5. What positive actions can I take, right now, that would best support my healing process – and allow me to take total responsibility for my life?  
  6. What positive actions can I take to continue to support myself as I risk, learn, change and grow?  
  7. What can I do, right now, for myself that would be positive kind, loving, gentle, nurturing and supportive
  8. What goals, dreams and objectives would I like to achieve and in what time frame?
  9. What are the positive things in my life that I am grateful for? Make a list every day!
  10. Ask, decide and choose – What are the most important actions I can take, right now, to start my life moving in a positive direction?
  11. Take positive action and start moving right now. Keep your focus on where you would like to go and who you would like to become – not where you have been!

Graduating to Self-Mastery – Taking Complete Responsibility for Everything You Attract and Experience – To take a quantum leap forward and move into Self-Mastery, imagine yourself gently rising above the apex of the highly emotional, trauma/drama dysfunctional positions on the triangle. From this detached, non-emotional vantage point, allow yourself now to look down and simply observe the games you and others have been playing.

If you are willing, honestly ask yourself, “What part am I playing in all this? In what ways am I still on this triangle? Am I a helpless Victim or am I somehow, consciously or unconsciously, creating this? What is it that I really want, need or desire for myself and from others?” When we move away from feeling powerless and blaming others, to the place of focusing on what it is that we truly want, need and desire, we have the opportunity to take powerful life-affirming positive steps.

One of the ultimate positive steps is to move from believing that we are at “Effect” (the world does things to us and therefore we have no choice or responsibility) to the concept of “Cause” (our thoughts and actions create our reality, hence we are ultimately responsible for everything we experience in life). This shift in perception is so profound that it can literally move a person completely off of the triangle! To achieve Self-Mastery, simply stop what you are thinking and doing, shift your focus to one of taking total responsibility for creating everything that you are experiencing in your life and start asking, “Why am I creating this? How am I creating this? What can I do to change this? And, finally, to ask, how can I take positive action to create something more harmonious, more positive?”


Mother, Pediatric Nurse and a Trail Blazer for Positive Change.

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